As in other crises in Iceland, the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management (DCPEM) coordinated efforts and facilitated crisis communication, while collaborating with the Icelandic Meteorological Office, the Institute of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland and the National Crisis Coordination Centre. Although volcanic risk awareness among tourists appeared heightened during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, it did not result in them seeking more information on safety strategies (Lund et al. The pre-defined plans for evacuation, based on the hazard assessment from 2005 (see Guðmundsson and Gylfason 2005) were implemented for the first time in the early hours of 21 March. Pre-eruption risk communication, in particular at the town hall meetings, enabled trust to develop between emergency management officials and the general public, which increased the effectiveness of communication during the crisis. 2011). Iceland sits astride the Mid Atlantic ridge and is owes its entire existence to … Uncertainty phase/level is characterized by an event which has already started and could lead to a threat to people, communities or the environment. The work was then linked to the FUTUREVOLC project. At this stage the collaboration and coordination between the Civil Protection Authorities and stakeholders begins. Due to the demand for information, two media centres were opened under the supervision of DCPEM—one at NCCC in Reykjavík and a Local Crisis Coordination Centre in Hvolsvöllur (Þorkelsson. Residents were encouraged to drop into the Heimaland Temporary Service Centre to attend meetings, ask for information or be provided a meal. Launched on the second day of the summit eruption, additional pages containing relevant background and overview information were added to the website, alongside IMOs real-time monitoring data (Þorkelsson 2012). Here is the Times‘ graphic showing just how widespread the airport … This was critical, given that a jökulhlaup from an Eyjafjallajökull eruption has the potential to impact inhabited areas within 1 h (Sigurðsson et al. The impacts of the eruption are significant on my farm and at my neighbouring farms. Based on the joint daily reports from IMO and IES, the NCCC media team produced daily (and sometimes multiple daily) reports in Icelandic and English on the eruption and conditions across the nation (Þorkelsson 2012). Moreover, as the plans were aimed at mitigating jökulhlaup risk, they were developed for a local response only; they did not consider international impacts of an ongoing eruption or a response to deal with the overwhelming international interest in the event (Heiðarsson et al. 294-296. In: Guðmundsson MT, Gylfason ÁG (eds) Hættumat vegna eldgosa og hlaupa frá vestanverðum Mýrdalsjökli og Eyjafjallajökli. J Geophys Res 117:B00C08, Heiðarsson EP, Loughlin SC, Witham C, Barsotti S (2014) Report on forensic analysis of the Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn communication and risk management response across Europe. DCPEM, ISAVIA, the Environmental Agency, Health Authorities, and ministries and embassies, communicated with external agencies and institutes via informal means such as phone conversations and emails (Þorkelsson 2012). EOS Trans Am Geophys Union 86:245–252, Wilson T, Cole J, Stewart C, Cronin S, Johnston D (2011) Ash storms: impacts of wind-remobilised volcanic ash on rural communities and agriculture following the 1991 Hudson eruption, southern Patagonia, Chile. As such, IES does not have any statutory obligations with respect to the monitoring and communication of volcanic activity. A side-by-side critical discussion on salient responses and management strategies for these two important abiotic stresses provides a unique insight into the phenomena. After that, the ash hazard and possible changes to the activity became more central to emergency response efforts. A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. Impacts and Responses of Icelandic Aviation to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Eruption Gudmundur Freyr Ulfarsson and Elizabeth A. Unger Transportation Research Record 2011 2214 : 1 , 144-151 For example, as formal guidelines for volcanic crisis communication were not in place prior to March 2010, officials were forced to develop ad hoc strategies during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Feelings of insecurity during the eruption, Being required to use protective equipment when working outside during the eruption, Spending time outdoors in ash fall during the eruption due to work commitments or other duties. The ash seems to impact people a lot. Karlsdóttir S, Petersen GN, Björnsson H, Pétursson H, Þorsteinsson H, Arason Þ (2010) Eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010—the role of IMO. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. The preparation of this paper has been supported by the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Resilience and Societal Security—NORDRESS, which is funded by the Nordic Societal Security Programme. The 39-day long summit eruption, however, was far more explosive and resulted in medium-sized jökulhlaups to the north, small jökulhlaups and lahars to the south and considerable ash fall to the east and east-southeast of the volcano. The chapter also considers the eruptions’ impacts at the local level. At the local level, the survey data shows that residents were actively using the IMO (Fig. The name ... Eyjafjallajökull consists of an elongated ice-covered strato volcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. European volcanological supersite in Iceland: a monitoring system and network for the future. This is followed by a description of contributing resources and data collection methods used in this chapter. In 2010 volcanic ash from Eyjafjallajökull clouded Europe for days. The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. Out of 61 households, 58 completed the survey giving a response rate of 95%. Eyjafjallajökull Case Study 2. The word is a compound of three different words. Cite as. Ferðamálastofa, Reykjavík, p 27, Sigmundsson F, Hreinsdóttir S, Hooper A, Árnadóttir T, Pedersen R, Roberts MJ, Óskarsson N, Auriac A, Decriem J, Einarsson P, Geirsson H, Hensch M, Ófeigsson BG, Sturkell E, Sveinbjörnsson H, Feigl KL (2010) Intrusion triggering of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull explosive eruption. 1613, 1821–23, and 2010, NCCC is responsible for coordinating a response. 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