Mallet finger is usually diagnosed after a relatively brief. With mallet finger, the tendon on the back of the finger (not the palm side) is separated from the muscles it connects. A mallet finger is a deformity of the finger caused when the tendon that straightens your finger (the extensor tendon) is damaged. Lester, B., et al. Your doctor may also tell you to go to a hospital's emergency department for evaluation. Participate only once your doctor has cleared you to go back. This makes it hard to straighten. A mallet finger is the inability to straighten the distal phalange of a finger. The doctor will also repair any cuts or damage to the skin. Treatment usually involves wearing a splint around the top of the affected finger in order to keep it extended and allow the injury to heal. This straight-on impact causes instantaneous stretch of the tendon, which may overextend or tear away. When a ball or other object strikes the tip of the finger or thumb and forcibly bends it, the force tears the tendon that straightens the finger (see Figure 1a and 1b). This injury sometimes includes a small fracture of … An injury to the tendon that straightens the tip of your finger or thumb is called a mallet finger (or “baseball finger”). Take care not to injure the finger even more. Who gets a Mallet Finger? In addition to the initial review, a subgroup of 72 patients (73 mallet finger injuries) were evaluated after a mean follow-up time of 38 months (range, 6.5 months to 8 years). If symptoms of mallet finger appear, the affected individual should consult a physician or seek emergency care. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/mallet+finger. 3. Mallet finger is when the tendon on the top of a finger or thumb is stretched or torn. Mallet finger is a flexion deformity resulting from avulsion of the extensor mechanism from the DIP joint.. Synonyms for this injury are baseball finger and drop finger, and jamming injuries in ball sports are common.. The tendon ruptures with a small fracture caused by the force of the injury. remaining 123 mallet fingers from 119 patients were reviewed. They consist of white, glistening, fibrous cords, of various length and thickness, either round or flattened, and lacking in elasticity. The strong men in the circus swing a mallet to ring the bell. Mallet finger is a condition in which the tendon in the outermost joint of a finger is ripped, causing the tip of the finger to droop. In the meantime, ice (wrapped in a towel or cloth) can be applied to the affected area to help reduce swelling and alleviate pain. If the tendon was damaged due to a cut, stitches may be required both to repair the tendon and to adequately close the wound. When you do try to straighten it, the tip of your finger remains bent toward your palm. Also known as "baseball finger," it is an injury that is typically sustained while playing sports. This injury sometimes includes a small fracture of … Basketball and baseball players routinely experience jammed fingers, but the injury can occur because of a crushing accident on the job or even because of a cut finger while working in the kitchen. More About Your Injury In this article. This makes it hard to straighten. Basketball and baseball … This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. It is caused by a ruptured tendon at the base of the finger joint near the fingertip that occurs when a finger is bent with force, such as when you try to catch a ball and your fingertip is struck by the ball. Mallet finger occurs when you cannot straighten your finger. Mallet finger is when the tendon on the top of a finger or thumb is stretched or torn. Mallet finger is an injury to the thin tendon that straightens the end joint of a finger or thumb. Mallet finger is when the tendon on the top of a finger or thumb is stretched or torn. Any rapid motion that jams the tip of a finger against an object can cause a mallet finger. Imaging studies may also help the doctor see any foreign debris in the cut. a tool like a hammer with a large, flat end made of wood or rubber: Lay it on a workbench and sharply smack it with a mallet. The distal phalanx is the last of three bones that make up a finger. This injury sometimes includes a small fracture … The extensor tendon is on the top of the finger. A mallet fracture is a broken distal phalanx bone. A mallet fracture is a broken bone at the tip of the finger. The tendon ruptures with a large fracture. They may represent an isolated tendinous injury or occur in combination with … Caution should be used when playing ball sports or using knives or other sharp implements. The tip of the finger remains in a flexed position with an extensor lag or inability to completely straighten the finger at the dip joint. In mallet finger, which often occurs as a sports-related injury, the tendon on the back of the finger becomes damaged or torn near the outermost joint. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. With proper treatment, most people regain full use of the affected finger. A mallet finger, also known as hammer finger or PLF finger, is an extensor tendon injury at the farthest away finger joint. mallet finger looks like the mallet of a piano hammer or a carpenter’s mallet. X-rays help the doctor know if the bone has a crack or break. Mallet finger usually occurs while playing a sport that involves a ball—for example, reaching out to catch a hard pass in basketball or bare-handing a baseball. The splint must be worn at all times for six to eight weeks, though it may be briefly removed to wash the finger, but with extreme care so as not to allow the fingertip to bend. (800) 346-AAOS. Author: Sachin J Shah, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple University Hospital. You may need to have surgery if the injury involves a large fracture that is causing tendon damage. Anyone can get a mallet finger. A mallet finger happens when the extensor tendon to the distal joint of the finger is stretched or torn. the wooden implement used to strike the balls in croquet. 2. A mallet finger is an injury to the tendon at the tip of the finger that causes the finger to be permanently bent. b. To help prevent injuries from happening again to the same finger, leave the splint on for the entire time the doctor has recommended. And, if necessary, the tendon may be stitched to repair it. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. 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